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2004 Mike Sipe
HATCHERY MANUAL
FISH FARMING AT HOME FOR FUN AND PROFIT
By
Mike Sipe
Tilapia Aquaculture International
Palmetto, Florida, USA


2004 Mike Sipe
Table of Contents
Introduction......................................................................................... 1
Tilapia – An Ideal Fish for Aquaculture ........................................... 1
Tilapia Hybrids Offer Superior Growth ............................................ 4
Sources of Tilapia............................................................................... 5
Fish Farming Stages....................................................................... 5
Wild Capture ................................................................................... 5
Purchasing Tilapia .......................................................................... 6
Breeding Tilapia.............................................................................. 7
Breeding Tilapia at Home................................................................... 8
Lesson 1: Behavior and Biology of Breeding Tilapia ........................ 18
Hatchery Lessons ......................................................................... 18
Lesson 2: Aquarium Breeding Tilapia............................................... 24
Breeder Selection from Wild or Available Stocks.......................... 24
Fish Sexing and Breeder .............................................................. 25
Sexing the Tilapia ......................................................................... 26
Territory Definition......................................................................... 26
Lesson 3: Daily Breeding Management............................................ 28
Equipment Checks........................................................................ 28
Feeding......................................................................................... 28
Feeding Process........................................................................... 29
Lighting Timer Checks .................................................................. 29
Air Pump Check............................................................................ 29
Filter Cleaning............................................................................... 30
Lesson 4: Breeder Management ...................................................... 31
Breeder Clues............................................................................... 31
Lesson 5: Post Breeding Behavior ................................................... 32
Lesson 6: Nursery Tank Management ............................................. 34
Motherly Behavior......................................................................... 35
Lesson 7: Fry to Fingerlings ............................................................. 37
Fry Food ....................................................................................... 37
Moving the Fry .............................................................................. 38
Lesson 8: Fingerling Growing Resources......................................... 39
Lesson 9: Deciding on a Production Goal ........................................ 41
Lesson 10: Understanding Weight Gain and Measurement............. 43
Lesson 11: Growing Strategies ........................................................ 46
Lesson 12: Cage Culture Strategies for Tilapia................................ 49
2004 Mike Sipe
Cage Culture Strategies for Tilapia............................................... 49
Lesson 13: Feed & Growth Requirements for Tilapia....................... 51
Lesson 14: Space versus Power Requirements for Tilapia.............. 53
Densities ....................................................................................... 53
Hatchery Operations..................................................................... 54
Cage Construction ........................................................................ 54
Breeder Selection ......................................................................... 62
Tank Set Up.................................................................................. 64
Incubation ..................................................................................... 65
Moving The Fry............................................................................. 70
Sizing Tanks ................................................................................. 73
F1 Hybrid Breeder Ponds ............................................................. 74
Biography ......................................................................................... 87
2004 Mike Sipe
Figures
Figure 1. Breeders in 55-gallon Aquarium.......................................... 8
Figure 2. Two females with eggs in mouth ......................................... 9
Figure 3. Pennyfish ....................................................................... 10
Figure 4. Chocolate Hybrid............................................................... 11
Figure 5. F1 Supermale Hybrid Production ..................................... 12
Figure 6. Tilapia breeder cage.......................................................... 13
Figure 7 This beautiful male T. mossambica is an exceptional
example of the red red strain. It is the best of the best after 77
generations of selection for the red color. ................................. 30
Figure 8. Red Butterball Female Holding Eggs ................................ 33
Figure 9. Female with fry .................................................................. 36
Figure 10. Tilapia Culture Cage........................................................ 55
Figure 11. Arena Cage ..................................................................... 56
Figure 12. Arena Cage (Pot Further Toward the Rear) .................... 57
Figure 13. Female Safe Area ........................................................... 58
Figure 14. Tilapia Breeder Cage (alternative design)....................... 61
Figure 15. Tilapia Breeder Cage immersed underwater showing
breeding area ............................................................................ 62
Figure 16. Mesh for Grading Fingerlings .......................................... 63
Figure 17. Tilapia Cage .................................................................... 67
Figure 18. One Kilogram Pennyfish Grown by George Hale in a 5-
Acre Pond between Mar 15 and Sept. 15, 1998. ..................... 68
Figure 19. Breeder pen with cages inside it. .................................... 68
Figure 20. Breeder Cage with Description of Materials ................... 69
Figure 21. Moving fry........................................................................ 72
Figure 22. Breeder Cages ................................................................ 75
Figure 23. Cage Configuration - Week 1 .......................................... 76
Figure 24. Cage Configuration - Week 2 .......................................... 77
Figure 25. Cage Configuration - Week 3 .......................................... 78
Figure 26. Cage Configuration - Week 4 .......................................... 79
Figure 27. Cage Configuration - Week 5 .......................................... 80
Figure 28. Cage Configuration - Week 6 .......................................... 81
Figure 29. Cage Configuration - Week 7 .......................................... 82
Figure 30. Cage Configuration - Week 8 .......................................... 83
Figure 31. Cage Configuration - Week 9 .......................................... 84
Figure 32. Cage Configuration - Week 10 ........................................ 85
2004 Mike Sipe 1
Introduction
Outside of the United States and in many areas of this country
malnutrition is a way of life. In most cases this malnutrition is due to
the unavailability of low cost proteins such as lysine and others.
Home fish farming offers a solution to the availability of an affordable
source of fish.
Part of this solution requires knowledge of how to grow, harvest,
purge, process, prepare and cook fish, and preserve fish. The farmed
fish will be healthy and acceptable in many forms to those who would
like to include more fish in their diets.
Fish are very high in lysine and very small amounts of fish in the diet
can go a long way toward creating longer, healthier and more
enjoyable lives by supplying the body’s protein needs.
This book is written to help you understand the major factors that
affect success in growing tilapia on a small scale.
Tilapia – An Ideal Fish for Aquaculture
The name tilapia is a taxonomic name (genus) given to a group of
fish that belong to the cichlid family of fishes. The cichlids populate
many of the tropical and semi-tropical areas of the world and have
many things in common with each other, but there are major
differences between most of them and the tilapias.
The Tilapias are one of the major groups of food fishes around the
world, especially in the tropical and semi-tropical areas, and have
been cultivated for thousands of years. Pictures or carvings appear
on artifacts and monoliths in Egyptian tombs as far back as 2,000 BC,
but only in the last 50 years have we began to focus on developing
them as an alternative to harvesting wild fish.
The tilapias have a number of special capabilities. Some of these
capabilities occur in one fish or another, but seldom occur within the
same fish. The fact that all of these characteristics occur within the
This is a PREVIEW of the 92 page Tilapia Hatchery Manual that comes with an order of Breeders.
To order a copy of this as a PDF digital download, please contact Mike Sipe: 386-454-0224
2004 Mike Sipe 87
Biography


MIKE SIPE is an Aquaculture consultant and has been
 in the Tilapia production and genetic improvement and
breeding business for over 25 years. He created the
first red Tilapia from black ones and now maintains and
distributes 10 specially bred Tilapia gene lines used to
produce faster growing tilapias to clients and
dealerships worldwide.
Mike has traveled to many other countries including Saudi Arabia,
Kenya, Peru, Mexico, Honduras, Panama and has helped set up
many tilapia farms. He has developed new methods of growing
tilapias intensively using pure oxygen. He distributes the parent
stocks to produce such fish as Pennyfish* Chocolate Hybrids* and
Happyfish* all of which are all male hybrids that grow 2 to 4 times
faster than tilapias available elsewhere.
He has trained hundreds of Aquaculture professionals in the
production and breeding of Tilapia and has assisted in the start-up of
dozens of Tilapia aquaculture businesses in the U.S. and in over 30
other countries. Learn more about Mike and his latest book: Cherry
Snapper: the true story at his web site: cherrysnapper.com You can
reach Mike at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 
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